Get the facts about nutrition and dietary information. Learn about healthy food, vitamins and dietary supplements.

Symptoms, diagnosis and prevention, rehabilitaion & information of specific conditions.

Not Feeling well?


secure email

Keep Your Personal Information Safe

Health Encylopedia

Adrenal biopsy
Definition Removal of a small piece of tissue from the adrenal glands (endocrine glands that lie immediately on top of the kidneys) for examination.
Alternative Names Biopsy - adrenal gland
How the test is performed This is a surgical procedure usually performed under general anesthesia. An incision is made in the abdomen and a small sample is obtained from the adrenal gland(s) and sent to the pathologist for examination. This test most often accompanies removal of an adrenal mass or tumor (such as pheochromocytoma ). Both adrenal biopsy and removal of the adrenal gland is now successfully performed laparoscopically.
How to prepare for the test Fasting for 6 to 8 hours is necessary for any surgical procedure. Infants and children: The physical and psychological preparation you can provide for this or any test or procedure depends on your child's age, interests, previous experience, and level of trust. For specific information regarding how you can prepare your child, see the following topics as they correspond to your child's age:
  • infant test or procedure preparation
  • (birth to 1 year)
  • toddler test or procedure preparation
  • (1 to 3 years)
  • preschooler test or procedure preparation
  • (3 to 6 years)
  • schoolage test or procedure preparation
  • (6 to 12 years)
  • adolescent test or procedure preparation
  • (12 to 18 years)
  • How the test will feel As with any abdominal surgery, there will be some discomfort after surgery; pain medications can be prescribed for this. Complete recovery from surgery can take 2 months, with an open procedure, however, recovery is on the order of one to three weeks following laparoscopic removal. Stool softeners may be given to avoid constipation . While in the hospital, move your legs often to reduce the risk of deep venous thrombosis . Physical activities are encouraged to strengthen the abdominal wall muscles.
    Why the test is performed An adrenal biopsy is usually performed for pathologic examination and identification of an adrenal mass or tumor .
    Normal Values This test is performed only when there is an abnormality (as identified by other testing).
    What abnormal results mean
  • pheochromocytoma
  • (the most common adrenal
  • tumor )
  • other malignant tumors
  • other non-malignant conditions (such as adenoma)
  • Additional conditions under which the test may be performed:
  • multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) II
  • What the risks are
  • The risks are those of a major surgery. Call the health care provider if there are any signs of infection (such as
  • fever , muscle aches , and drainage from the incision site) or bleeding (hemorrhage). Also watch for signs of a hernia in the incision.
    Special considerations It is appropriate to consult your doctor to find a center that is proficient in laparoscopic adrenal biopsy/adrenalectomy.

    BMI Calculator

    Weight Height
    Body Mass Index
    Your Category is 

    Healthcare News